AZ-400 Exam Study Guide (Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions)

AZ-400: Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions Certificate Exam Study Guide

Preparing for the AZ-400 Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions exam? Don’t know where to start? This post is the AZ-400 Certificate Study Guide (with links to each exam objective).

I have curated a list of articles from Microsoft documentation for each objective of the AZ-400 exam. Hope this article will be your AZ-400 Study Guide.

Also, please share the post within your circles so it helps them to prepare for the exam.

AZ-400 Azure DevOps Course (Online Training)

Pluralsight (Learning Path)Microsoft Azure DevOps Engineer [Free Trial]
LinkedIn Learning [Free Trial]Introduction to Azure DevOps
WhizlabsAzure DevOps Solutions Certification
UdemyAzure DevOps Fundamentals for Beginners

AZ-400 Azure DevOps Solutions Practice Test

Whizlabs Practice Test5 Practice Tests (Total 275 Questions)
Udemy Practice TestMicrosoft Azure DevOps Practice Questions
Amazon e-book (PDF)Implementing DevOps with Microsoft Azure

AZ-400 Exam Prerequisites

To become a Microsoft Azure DevOps Engineer Expert, you must earn at least one of AZ-103 or AZ-203 certification.

To view other Azure Certificate Study Guides, click here

Full Disclosure: Some of the links in this post are affiliate links. I receive a commission when you purchase through them.

Looking for AZ-400 dumps? Read this!

Using az-400 exam dumps can get you permanently banned from taking any future Microsoft certificate exam. Read the FAQ page for more information. However, I strongly suggest you validate your understanding with practice questions.

Design a DevOps strategy (20-25%)

Check out this free course on Designing a DevOps Strategy

Recommend a Migration and Consolidation Strategy for DevOps Tools

Analyze existing artifact (e.g. deployment packages, NuGet) and container repositories

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/artifacts-overview

Analyze existing test management tools

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/test/create-a-test-plan

Analyze existing work management tools

https://channel9.msdn.com/Microsoft-Azure/Azure-DevOps-Launch-2018

Recommend migration and integration strategies for artifact repositories, source control, test management, and work management

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/migrate-from-tfs

 

Design and Implement an Agile Work Management Approach

Identify and recommend project metrics, KPIs, and DevOps measurements (e.g. cycle time, lead time, Azure Kubernetes Service, WIP limit)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/dashboards/cumulative-flow-cycle-lead-time-guidance

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/boards/boards/wip-limits

Implement tools and processes to support Agile work management

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/boards/get-started/what-is-azure-boards

Mentor team members on Agile techniques and practices

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/boards/plans/practices-that-scale

Recommend an organization structure that supports scaling Agile practices

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/boards/plans/scaled-agile-framework

Recommend in-team and cross-team collaboration mechanisms

https://www.azuredevopslabs.com/labs-azuredevops/wiki

 

Design a Quality Strategy

Analyze existing quality environment

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/test/test-analytics

Identify and recommend quality metrics

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/dashboards/cumulative-flow-cycle-lead-time-guidance

Recommend a strategy for feature flag lifecycle

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/phase-features-with-feature-flags

Recommend a strategy for measuring and managing technical debt

https://martinfowler.com/EstimatedInterest

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/archive/msdn-magazine/2015/november/microsoft-azure-manage-technical-debt-with-sonarqube-and-tfs

Recommend changes to team structure to optimize quality

Recommend performance testing strategy

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/load-test/app-service-web-app-performance-test

 

Design a Secure Development Process

Inspect and validate code base for compliance

https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=fortifyvsts.hpe-security-fortify-vsts

Inspect and validate infrastructure for compliance

https://blog.jhnr.ch/testing-azure-infrastructure-with-chef-inspec/

Recommend a secure development strategy

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/security-validation-cicd-pipeline

Recommend tools and practices to integrate code security validation (e.g. static code analysis)

https://secdevtools.azurewebsites.net/

Recommend tools and practices to integrate infrastructure security validation

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/security-validation-cicd-pipeline

 

Design a Tool Integration Strategy

Design a license management strategy (e.g. VSTS users, concurrent pipelines, test environments, open source software licensing, DevOps tools and services, package management licensing)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/user-guide/devops-alm-overview

Design a strategy for end-to-end traceability from work items to working software

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/boards/queries/link-work-items-support-traceability

Design a strategy for integrating monitoring and feedback to development teams

Design an authentication and access strategy

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/repos/git/auth-overview

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/organizations/security/permissions-access

Design a strategy for integrating on-premises and cloud resources

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/migrate-from-tfs

AZ-400 Microsoft Azure DevOps solutions Exam Certification

Implement DevOps Development Processes (20-25%)

Design a Version Control Strategy

Recommend branching models

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/repos/git/git-branching-guidance

Recommend version control systems

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/repos/tfvc/comparison-git-tfvc

Recommend code flow strategy

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/learn/devops-at-microsoft/release-flow

 

Implement and Integrate Source Control

Integrate external source control

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/repos/github

Integrate source control into third-party continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) systems

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/release/integrate-jenkins-pipelines-cicd

 

Implement and Manage Build Infrastructure

Implement private and hosted agents

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/agents/hosted

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/agents/v2-windows

Integrate third party build systems

Recommend strategy for concurrent pipelines

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/licensing/concurrent-jobs

Manage Azure pipeline configuration (e.g. agent queues, service endpoints, pools, webhooks)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/agents/pools-queues

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/extend/develop/service-endpoints

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/service-hooks/services/webhooks

 

Implement Code Flow

Implement pull request strategies

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/repos/git/pull-requests

Implement branch and fork strategies

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/repos/git/forks

Configure branch policies

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/repos/git/branch-policies

 

Implement a Mobile DevOps Strategy

Manage mobile target device sets and distribution groups

Manage target UI test device sets

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/appcenter/test-cloud/vsts-plugin

Provision tester devices for deployment

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/appcenter/distribution/auto-provisioning

Create public and private distribution groups

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/appcenter/distribution/groups

 

Managing Application Configuration and Secrets

Implement a secure and compliant development process

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/security-validation-cicd-pipeline

Implement general (non-secret) configuration data

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/architecture/patterns/external-configuration-store

Manage secrets, tokens, and certificates

Implement applications configurations (e.g. Web App, Azure Kubernetes Service, containers)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/app-service/configure-common

Implement secrets management (e.g. Web App, Azure Kubernetes Service, containers, Azure Key Vault)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/key-vault/vs-secure-secret-appsettings

Implement tools for managing security and compliance in the pipeline

https://microsoft.github.io/iac/Security-Complianceinpipeline

az-400

Amazon link (affiliate)

Implement Continuous Integration (10-15%)

Manage Code Quality and Security Policies

Monitor code quality

Check the PS course ‘Monitor Code Quality'

Configure build to report on code coverage

Code Coverage with Sonar Cloud

Manage automated test quality

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LF0hmSysWCg

Manage test suites and categories

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/test/create-a-test-plan

Monitor quality of tests

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/report/sharepoint-dashboards/quality-dashboard-agile-cmmi

Integrate security analysis tools (e.g. SonarQube, WhiteSource Bolt, Open Web Application Security Project)

https://whitesource.atlassian.net/spaces-pages/WhiteSource-Bolt-for-Azure-DevOps

 

Implement a Container Build Strategy

Create deployable images (e.g. Docker, Azure Container Registry)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/ecosystems/containers/build-image

Analyze and integrate Docker multi-stage builds

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/container-registry/container-registry-tasks-multi-step

 

Implement a Build Strategy

Design build triggers, tools, integrations, and workflow

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/build/triggers

Implement a hybrid build process

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-in/solutions/architecture/hybrid-ci-cd/

Implement multi-agent builds

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/process/phases

Recommend build tools and configuration (e.g. Azure Pipelines, Jenkins)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/migrate/from-jenkins

Set up an automated build workflow

Check the course ‘Setting up an automated build workflow'

 

Implement Continuous Delivery (10-15%)

Design a Release Strategy

Recommend release tools

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-in/services/devops/pipelines/

Identify and recommend release approvals and gates

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/release/approvals

Recommend strategy for measuring quality of release and release process

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/learn/devops-at-microsoft/code-ownership-software-quality

Recommend strategy for release notes and documentation

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/samples/azure-samples/azure-devops-release-notes/azure-devops-release-notes-generator/

Select appropriate deployment pattern

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/learn/modules/manage-release-cadence/2-what-are-deployment-patterns

 

Set up a Release Management Workflow

Automate inspection of health signals for release approvals by using release gates

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/pipelines/release/approvals/gates

Configure automated integration and functional test execution

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/tasks/test/run-functional-tests

Create a release pipeline (e.g. Azure Kubernetes Service, Service Fabric, WebApp)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/create-first-pipeline

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/learn/modules/create-release-pipeline/5-deploy-to-appservice

Create multi-phase release pipelines

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/release/define-multistage-release-process

Integrate secrets with release pipeline

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/tasks/deploy/azure-key-vault

Provision and configure environments

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/environments

Manage and modularize tasks and templates (e.g. task and variable groups)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/library/task-groups

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/library/variable-groups

 

Implement an Appropriate Deployment Pattern

Implement blue-green deployments

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/blue-green-deployments-using-azure-traffic-manager/

Implement canary deployments

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/ecosystems/kubernetes/canary

Implement progressive exposure deployments

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/migrate/phase-rollout-with-rings

Scale a release pipeline to deploy to multiple endpoints (e.g. deployment groups, Azure Kubernetes Service, Service Fabric)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/apps/cd/deploy-aks

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops-project/azure-devops-project-service-fabric

az-400

Amazon link (affiliate)

Implement Dependency Management (5-10%)

Design a Dependency Management Strategy

Recommend artifact management tools and practices (Azure Artifacts, npm, maven, Nuget)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/overview

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/get-started-npm

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/get-started-maven

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/get-started-nuget

Abstract common packages to enable sharing and reuse

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/collaborate-with-packages

Inspect codebase to identify code dependencies that can be converted to packages

Check the video ‘Identifying Code Dependencies That Can Be Converted to Packages'

Identify and recommend standardized package types and versions across the solution

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/artifacts/nuget

Refactor existing build pipelines to implement version strategy that publishes packages

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/concepts/best-practices

 

Manage Security and Compliance

Inspect open source software packages for security and license compliance to align with corporate standards (e.g. GPLv3)

Check the course ‘Inspecting Open Source Software Packages for Security and License Compliance'

Configure build pipeline to access package security and license rating (e.g. Black Duck, White Source)

https://www.azuredevopslabs.com/labs-vstsextend/WhiteSource/

https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=black-duck-softwaredetect-for-tfs

Configure secure access to package feeds

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/artifacts/feeds/feed-permissions

 

Implement Application Infrastructure (15-20%)

Check out this free course on Implementing Application Infrastructure

Design an Infrastructure and Configuration Management Strategy

Analyze existing and future hosting infrastructure

Analyze existing Infrastructure as Code (IaC) technologies

https://medium.com/kari.marttila/comparing-azure-arm-and-terraform

Design a strategy for managing technical debt on templates

https://www.azuredevopslabs.com/devops-sonarcloud

Design a strategy for using transient infrastructure for parts of a delivery lifecycle

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/architecture/modernize-existing-apps-to-cloud-optimized/reasons-to-modernize-existing-net-apps-to-cloud-optimized-applications

Design a strategy to mitigate infrastructure state drift

https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/detecting-drift-between-arm-templates-and-azure-resource-groups/

 

Implement Infrastructure as Code (IaC)

Create nested resource templates

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/resource-manager-tutorial-create-linked-templates

Manage secrets in resource templates

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/resource-manager-keyvault-parameter

Provision Azure resources

https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/azure/iac-on-azure-an-introduction-of-infrastructure-as-code-iac-with-azure-resource-manager-arm-template/

Recommend an Infrastructure as Code (IaC) strategy

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/learn/what-is-infrastructure-as-code

Recommend appropriate technologies for configuration management (ARM Templates, Terraform, Chef, Puppet, Ansible)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/infrastructure-automation

 

Manage Azure Kubernetes Service Infrastructure

Provision Azure Kubernetes Service (e.g. using ARM templates, CLI)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/aks/kubernetes-walkthrough

Create deployment file for publishing to Azure Kubernetes Service (e.g. kubectl, Helm)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/aks/kubernetes-helm

Develop a scaling plan

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/aks/cluster-autoscaler

 

Implement Infrastructure Compliance and Security

Implement compliance and security scanning

Prevent drift by using configuration management tools

Automate configuration management by using PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/automation/automation-dsc-getting-started

Automate configuration management by using a VM Agent with custom script extensions

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/stefan-stranger/using-azure-custom-script-extension-to-execute-scripts-on-azure-vms/

Set up an automated pipeline to inspect security and compliance

Implement Continuous Feedback (10-15%)

Recommend and Design System Feedback Mechanisms

Design practices to measure end-user satisfaction (e.g. Send a Smile, app analytics)

Design processes to capture and analyze user feedback from external sources (e.g. Twitter, Reddit, Help Desk)

Design routing for client application crash report data

Check the module ‘Capturing Application Crash Data'

Recommend monitoring tools and technologies

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/app/continuous-monitoring

Recommend system and feature usage tracking tools

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/app/usage-overview

 

Implement Process for Routing System Feedback to Development Teams

Configure crash report integration for client applications

https://support.hockeyapp.net/kb/client-integration-windows-and-windows-phone/hockeyapp-for-applications-on-windows

Develop monitoring and status dashboards

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/dashboards/dashboards

Implement routing for client application crash report data

Check the module ‘Capturing Application Crash Data'

Implement tools to track system usage, feature usage, and flow

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/devops/report/dashboards/cumulative-flow

Integrate and configure ticketing systems with development team's work management system (e.g. IT Service Management connector, ServiceNow Cloud Management, App Insights work items)

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/devops/pipelines/servicenow

 

Optimize Feedback Mechanisms

Analyze alerts to establish a baseline

Check the course module ‘Analyze alerts' with free trial

Analyze telemetry to establish a baseline

Check the course module ‘Analyzing Telemetry'

Perform live site reviews and capture feedback for system outages

Check the course module ‘Performing Live Site Reviews and Capturing Feedback for System Outages'

Perform ongoing tuning to reduce meaningless or non-actionable alerts

Check the course module ‘Performing Ongoing Tuning to Reduce Meaningless or Non-actionable Alerts'

This brings us to the end of AZ-400 Study Guide

What do you think? Let me know in the Comments section if I have missed out on anything. Also, I love to hear from you how your preparation is going on!

In case you are looking for other Azure certification exams check out this page

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